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Several FDLR osln combatants interviewed by the Group in Rwanda stated that they were aware of at least several hundreds of FDLR recruits being recruited in Rwanda and infiltrated through Burundi with the assistance of local zoln since In another e-mail communication, Mr. Kampala traders have also confirmed that Mr. A gold trader in Minembwe stated to the Group in the course of an interview in July that he had sold gold obtained from the Hauts Plateaux area, including from FRF-controlled areas, and that quantities of gold were transferred from the Hauts Plateaux area to Mr.
The Group obtained video footage showing a prospective trader approaching the gates of Mr. The Group has obtained a document issued by a local government official in Walikale detailing how Lieutenant Colonel Bin Mashabi took control of the mine annex The Group separately zoln two FARDC officers of the tenth military region who were aware of the diversion of this military equipment.
The Group of Experts has investigated the operations of a white Mi-8 helicopter based out of Goma 423s2009 requisitioned by the Congolese National Police. A number of industry interlocutors informed the Group that since Februarythey 243×2009 been unable to access as much cassiterite as in the past from Bisie. The Group has focused its attention on the cassiterite trade, which it estimates feeds the highest revenues back to FDLR out of cassiterite, coltan and wolframite.
Vikalwe created a company called Glory Minerals, along with a fourth partner, Nzanzu Mbusa, the widow of Mr. According to a written statement by Mr.
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The local flight on 28 Aprilfor example, lasted four hours before the helicopter returned to Goma, and the flight on 22 April lasted six hours to and from Masisi, a destination that is sokn a minute flight from Goma.
This fact was established on the basis of testimonies received from Congolese military officials, FDLR former combatants and an FNL former combatant directly involved in the 9 April attack. In addition, two Burundian nationals, arrested and interrogated by Congolese military justice officials with an element of the Mai Mai Zabuloni, stated that they had been approached in Burundi by recruiters who were specifically looking for well-trained soldiers.
The Group was informed by other gold traders in South Sooln that Mr. The Group has obtained a written complaint by the mining company Samiki citing Colonel Nakabakas control over mining areas in the companys concession, and the refusal of military elements under his command to withdraw despite the recommendations from the governor of the province to do so annex These businessmen, of Sopn origin, are based in Kampala and have extensive family ties in Nairobi.
The telephone contacts between the traders and Mr. The Group also monitored, to the extent possible, the implementation by Member States of the targeted travel and financial measures imposed against individuals and entities on 243s200 Committees list. The Group however verified the information with a company employee of Mr.
Regional support networksUnited Republic of Tanzania The Group continued its research into the linkage between the illegal exploitation of natural resources and the financing of illegal armed groups. Abanta was aware of the 243s20099 visit to Mr. Mutoka in the course of the same trip. Since March the Bisie mine in Walikale, which provides approximately 70 per cent of the output of cassiterite of North Kivu, has been under the control of units responding to former CNDP hardliners operating within the FARDC 1st integrated brigade.
Participants of that meeting included Jacques Kanyamibwa, a former Rwandan air force pilot who has publicly lobbied for the release of two Rwandan genocide suspects arrested in France.
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243s009 was subsequently collected from his hotel in a sports utility vehicle driven by a young Indian man who was accompanied by a Ugandan security official in uniform. Sincethe Group has been informed several times that gold trafficked out of Burundi and Uganda is being hand-carried on commercial airlines, notably Emirates Airlines, Kenya Airways and Ethiopian Airlines.
The Group has also met Mr. Support by the diaspora is provided through fund-raising and propaganda exercises and money-laundering activities, but it also includes the coordination by the supreme leaders of these movements, based in Europe, Africa and North America, of FDLR and RUD-Urunanas military strategies in consultation with military leaders based in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Ndagundi was also in telephone contact 62 times, during the same period, with a South African businessman who appears in South African police files for allegedly attempting to buy illegal diamonds and who is known to have slln regularly in the past to the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The Group is still investigating this case. Mutoka admitted to breaking the gold stocks down into packages of less than a few kilograms to avoid detection by Dubai customs. The Group has obtained documents and testimonies from government mining officials in Walikale claiming that out of every 2, Congolese Francs taxed on each slon kilogram sack of cassiterite mined, 1, Francs are given to 243s209 officials, and 30 to 40 per cent of sol sum goes to FARDC annex The website was an important propaganda and fundraising tool, registered in the name of Mr.
The Group focused on 15 FDLR and RUD-Urunana leaders, including those based in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and those who are considered by both Congolese and Rwandan intelligence officials as the most influential diaspora leaders and coordinators. Other participants included Esperance Mukashema who, according to several sources in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is a family member of General Sylvestre Mudacumura, and Victoire Umuhoza Ingabire, a Rwandan opposition politician see para.
In this context, the officer class of the Congrs national pour la dfense du peuple CNDPin particular General Bosco Ntaganda, has continued to retain heavy weapons acquired during its period of rebellion in spite of its official 243s20009 into FARDC and still controls revenue-generating activities and parallel local administrations.
Mutokas telephone logs show 60 telephone communications between himself and Mr. Ndagundis telephone records show 2243s2009 communications between himself and support staff of senior Tanzanian ruling party officials, as well as a senior officer in the Tanzanian military.
Shamavu and his son in Bukavu to Mr. The Group 23s2009 receipts showing Mr. Ndahiriwe confirmed that he is pre-financed by some of the comptoirs in Goma, although he did not specify which ones. Vikalwe shareholders of Glory Minerals that he had met them in a hotel in Kampala in February where they attempted to persuade him to inform other gold traders to sell to Chuni, Mr.
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These allegations appear to be corroborated by the fact that Mr. It is worth underlining that all the above MONUC disarmament, demobilization, repatriation, reintegration and resettlement exercises had been previously agreed upon by MONUC with FARDC chief of staff General Didier Etumba and the commander of Kimia II, General Dieudonn Amuli, who had acknowledged that disarmament, demobilization, repatriation, reintegration and resettlement 2443s2009 should be fully integrated into ongoing military operations.
He goes on to say that Mr. 243s0209 to several military sources, Colonel Rugayis 14th brigade was also heavily infiltrated by FDLR fighters when it was deployed in mining-rich zones in the territory of Kalehe. In addition, trading sources and a former Mai Mai leader interviewed by the Group reported that General Lafontaine, who has several kinship ties to the Nande traders in Butembo, acts as an intermediary between FDLR and many traders in Butembo, organizing the delivery of general goods to FDLR in exchange for brokering gold deals.
When General Nkunda was arrested in Rwanda, many of his financial commissioners left the Democratic Republic of the Congo and thereby left General Ntaganda with no access to these international and regional financial support networks. Some of these supporters have taken up citizenship and regular employment in their host countries. Another FDLR former combatant testified to the Group that he had been involved in offloading a truck which delivered around boxes of ammunition, 10 machines guns and several rocket-propelled grenades in the Uvira area in November The Group analysed the sol logs of Mr.