DAIMYO, SHOGUNS AND THE BAKUFU (SHOGUNATE) | Facts and Details
Bae: Come over Me: i can't my daimyo says no Bae: i'll give you my tanto Met True story from Facebook tagged as Come Over Meme. Read our primer on the Edo Period, samurai, and those scary ninjas. Web Culture · Sex & Relationships · Celebrities · Memes · Parenting . Tokugawa Iyeasu was a daimyo who rose to power and was Under the shogunate they were forbidden from forming close relationships with their customers. Samurai, no matter what their status, were but servants to their daimyo. Being a . Since being a ronin means that there is no longer any connection between the .
DAIMYO, SHOGUNS AND THE BAKUFU (SHOGUNATE)
Samurai had existed in Japan for hundreds of years before the shogunate came about. They were historically a class of warriors who followed a code called bushido, which is very complicated and based on honor and service. Individual daimyo would hire bands of samurai to be their own personal army, and these groups of daimyo-bound samurai did most of the fighting that weakened Japan during that Warring States period.
In the Edo Period, samurai were still bound to their daimyo and maintained their traditions. Was that cool guy a samurai? Think of him as a wandering knight, except it was very frowned upon for a samurai to exist without a house or lord supporting him.
Everything you need to know about Shogun World, 'Westworld's' new park
I distinctly recall seeing ninjas. Shinobi, or ninjas as we call them, were elite warriors who specialized in all the dirty, underhanded combat a samurai would be too honorable to pursue. They attacked at night, snuck up on people, hid in bushes, impersonated nobles Depending on when exactly in the Tokugawa shogunate Edo World is supposed to take place, the writers of the park may have taken liberties on the existence of shinobi at that time.
Why were those geisha dancing and serving tea? Well, friend, that's that geisha do. Geisha in the Edo Period were primarily entertainers who trained in singing, dancing, playing instruments, conversation, and the general art of hosting bomb parties. It's a bit of a fantasy on Lee Sizemore's part to make Shogun World's geisha house the Japanese equivalent of Maeve's Mariposa brothel, because geisha were crucially not prostitutes.
Under the shogunate they were forbidden from forming close relationships with their customers because real prostitutes complained that geisha would steal their business if they did. This is probably why Akane got mad when Musashi touched her. It was a big no-no. Lee also royally fudged the time period when he wrote geisha as existing concurrently with ninjas. Geisha in the form seen in Shogun World started cropping up in the mids, more than a century after that Catholics vs.
These kinds of inaccuracies are important to point out, because it reminds watchers that all of Delos's parks are based on the fantasies of their customerswho don't have the strongest grasp of history and just want to have a good time. Why is there a park based on this period of Japanese history? One koku was equal to five bushels, A large fiefdom yielded about 1. Heads of families kept diaries as a record of their life and various ceremonies to serve as references for their descendants.
In times of peace, the daimyo elite lived a life of luxury and devoted their time to administering their estates and enjoying poetry, painting, architecture, No theater, calligraphy, flower arranging, and the tea ceremony. They and their families were transported from place to place in elaborate sedan chairs with a single foot-long beam carried by six bearers. Noble brides were carried in sedan chairs with gold-leaf paper paintings, gilt-copper fittings and a lacquered surface worked with gold powder.
In Imperial times nobles were varied around in palanquin with passenger compartments that were often beautifully decorated but alarming small and cramped. One made for the bride of last of the last Tokugawa shogun was adorned with lovely paintings made with gold lacquer bit was only Ordinary people in feudal times had few rights and were subject to the whims and wishes of the ruling samurai and their lords.
Even so Japanese peasants were better off than European serfs.
They retained some rights to their land and for the most were spared excessive taxation. Samurai The samurai were roughly the equivalent of feudal knights. Employed by the shogun or daimyo, they were members of hereditary warrior class that followed a strict "code" that defined their clothes, armor and behavior on the battlefield.
But unlike most medieval knights, samurai warriors could read and they were well versed in Japanese art, literature and poetry. Samurai families were considered the elite. They made up only about six percent of the population and included daimyo and the loyal soldiers who fought under them. Originally conceived as away of dignifying raw military power, the two concepts were synthesized in feudal Japan and later became a key feature of Japanese culture and morality.
The quintessential samurai was Miyamoto Musashi, a legendary early Edo-period swordsman who reportedly killed 60 men before his 30th birthday and was also a painting master.
Samurai-Era Social Hierarchy In Japan, a strict hierarchy of social classes and clearly defined traditional gender roles have their roots in over two thousand years of cultural history. In terms of social classes, merchants or chyonin were beneath the farmers and artisans.
Samurai, the social elite, were retainers in the service of the shogun and the daimio. The samurai, who represented the superior male, constituted a bureaucratic and conservative hereditary group. The samurai and his sword was more a class symbol than the fierce warrior pictured in American television mythology. These social classes were categorized based on power as well as prestige. Ancient Japanese social hierarchy was majorly segregated into two classes the upper Noble Class and the lower Peasant Class.
These classes were further sub categorized and thus forming a hierarchy. Following are the major classes in the social hierarchy of Ancient Japan: In the Tokugawa period, there were over two hundred daimyo throughout Japan, whose domains varied in size from tiny 10, units of rice productivity to vast over half a million units of rice productivity. There were three categories of daimyo. Fudai were those daimyo personally allied with Tokugawa Ieyasu at the time of the Battle of Sekigarhara in Tozama were those daimyo not allied with Tokugawa Ieyasu at the time of the battle, including those who fought against him and those who did not.
Shinpan daimyo were Tokugawa family relatives. In its early period, the bakufu designated three branches of the Tokugawa family descending from Ieyasu as daimyo lineages and potential heirs to the office of shogun should the main line fail to produce a suitable male heir.
Later, three more branches assumed shinpan status, making a total of six. Some but not all of these branches had the Tokugawa surname. For bakufu offices requiring daimyo status, normally, only fudai were eligible to for appointment. Shinpan daimyo occasionally served as bakufu officials, typically as regents for a boy shogun.
Tozama were ineligible to become bakufu officials.
The fudai domains were small and often clustered around the larger tozama domains. The first three shoguns worked to create a geographic balance by surrounding tozama domains with the presumably more trustworthy fudai, with the fudai located in positions of strategic importance. Maintaining a balance of power, geographically and otherwise, between all potentially conflicting interests and groups was a conscious policy of the early shoguns.
Such oaths would hardly have been worth the paper on which they were written had not the shogun and his government which, of course, included some daimyo--an incentive for these daimyo to preserve the bakufu held the preponderance of military and economic power. It owned all the gold and silver mines throughout Japan. In theory at least, the daimyo ruled at the pleasure of the shogun, who formally reappointed the daimyo from time to time and had the authority to confiscate or reduce any domain.
The first three shoguns often did confiscate domains of daimyo they suspected of disloyalty or other problems. As time when on and the domains became well established, confiscations by the bakufu took place only under highly unusual circumstances.
The Bakufu shogunate was a large bureaucracy. In theory, and sometimes in practice, the shogun ruled as absolute dictator.
In fact, some shoguns were weak-willed, incompetent, or simply lazy. The bakufu machinery functioned reasonably well with or without strong shogunal leadership.
Warrior Puppets: The Samurai of the Tokugawa Shogunate
The two most important agencies within the bakufu were the Senior Councilors roju, literally "elders within" and the Junior Councilors wakadoshiyori, literally, "younger elders". The Senior Councilors usually consisted of four or five daimyo of a certain type. The whole group met in council to decide important matters of state, such as the selection of a new shogun should the previous one die without naming a successor.
The Senior Councilors also supervised several high-ranking officials such as the commissioners that administered the major cities e. The Senior Councilors were a powerful group.
Some shoguns gave them wide latitude; others tried to rein them in. They supervised inspectors, who kept watch over bakufu retainers of sub-daimyo rank.The Shogunate: History of Japan
Therefore, in the pattern of confiscated holdings [ mokkan], management should proceed accordingly. It is commanded thus. Residents shall know this and abide by it. The aforesaid person, in accordance with the will, is appointed to this shiki. As to the fixed annual tax and other services, these shall be paid in accordance with precedent.