Hera • Facts and Information on Greek Goddess Hera
All the Olympians are related in some way. Once when Zeus was being partcularly overbearing to the other gods, Hera convinced them to join in a revolt. Hera (Roman name: Juno), wife of Zeus and queen of the ancient Greek gods, Hera also gave birth alone to Hephaistos (god of metallurgy) in retaliation for Zeus' similarly single-handed birth of Athena. . Related Content. Zeus, the king of the gods of Mount Olympus, had many relationships but it was his Hera, the goddess of marriage and childbirth and the ruler of the sky, said no in roman mythology, meaning Time - the one who ate his children in fear that.
Many scholars argue that this division occurs with the introduction of a new culture and religious imagination. Indo-Europeans like the so-called Dorians who apparently invaded the eastern Mediterranean during the end of the second millenium introduced the male sky gods and a much more militaristic culture.
The Olympian gods were ultimately descended from Gaea. According to Hesiod's account of the creation of the universe presented in his Theogony, Gaea along with Tartarus and Eros, was born from Chaos, or at the same time. Without a mate she parthenogenetically bore Uranus skyOurea mountainsand Pontus sea.
With Uranus, Gaea gave birth to the Titans and Cyclopes. Gaea encouraged Cronus, the eldest Titan, to take a sickle and castrate his father Uranus. In turn, Zeus, the youngest son of Rhea, overturned his father Cronus. Although Gaea had encouraged the elevation of Zeus to king of the Olympians, she ultimately turned against him.
In Greek mythology, the direct off-spring of Gaea become identified as chthonic forces from the earth that become subdued by the Olympians and their followers.
- The Rocky Relationship of Zeus and Hera
- Myths and Legends
This succession myth and the ascendance of Zeus and the Olympian Gods over the chthonic powers of Gaea and her off-spring echoes the introduction of the patriarchal Indo-European sky-gods into the Mediterranean world and the subordination of the Great Goddess. Scholars examining the remains of Minoan culture have wondered whether it was a matriarchal society.
There is no certainty to this conclusion, but for the historical period of Greek culture extending from at least the eighth century B. With the supremacy of Zeus and the other Olympian gods established, Gaea's position is eclipsed.
Demeter, the sister of Zeus, incorporates many of the aspects of the Great Goddess, while the different functions of Gaea are divided among goddesses.
Greek and Roman Gods
They both have their characteristics that define themselves. They want different results for what they do in their life. They are both higher than others in mythology.
Zeus was the king of all the gods. Hera was the Queen of all goddesses. Zeus and Hera were married, and with this bond it made them both more powerful than they were. While reading the Treasury of Greek Mythology Napoli pg. Therefore, because Zeus and Hera are higher than all others it states clearly that this is one of the similarities that they have. They take action as soon as they can.
But she could avenge herself on the females with whom Zeus dallied, and she often took full advantage of this. A number of Zeus's affairs resulted in new gods and godesses. His liaison with Metis, of course, produced the warrior goddess of wisdom and courage, Athena. One night as Hera slumbered, Zeus made love to one of the Pleiades, Maia, who gave birth to the tricky messenger of the gods, Hermes.
The Rocky Relationship of Zeus and Hera
By some accounts Zeus begat the goddess of love, Aphrodite, on the Titaness Dione. And when he took Leto as his consort he must have been married to Hera, for Hera persecuted Leto by condemning her to bear her children in a land of complete darkness. After traveling throughout Greece, Leto finally gave birth painlessly to Artemis, the virgin huntress, on the isle of Ortygia.
Nine days later she gave birth to Apollo, the god of light and inspiration, on the island of Delos. Each of these new gods and goddesses were full-fledged Olympians, having had two divine parents. One important god, however, had Zeus as a father and a mortal woman as a mother. This was Dionysus, the vine god of ecstasy, who was never granted Olympian status. His mother was the Theban princess, Semele. Zeus visited her one night in the darkness, and she knew a divine being was present and she slept with him.
When it turned out that Semele was pregnant she boasted that Zeus was the father. Hera learned of this and came to Semele disguised as her nurse. Hera asked how she knew the father was Zeus, and Semele had no proof. So Hera suggested that Semele ask to see this god in his full glory. The next time Zeus visited the girl he was so delighted with her that he promised her anything she wanted. She wanted to see Zeus fully revealed. Since Zeus never broke his word, he sadly showed himself forth in his true essence, a burst of glory that utterly destroyed Semele, burning her up.
Yet Zeus spared her unborn infant, sewing it up inside his thigh until it was able to emerge as the god Dionysus. His birth from Zeus's thigh alone conferred immortality on him.
Some were founders of cities or countries, like Epaphus, who founded Memphis; Arcas, who became king of Arcadia; Lacedaemon, the king of Lacedaemon and founder of Sparta. One was the wisest law-giver of his age, the first Minos. Another was a fabulous beauty, the famous Helen of Troy. And one was a monster of depravity: Tantalus, who served up his son Pelops as food to the gods.
As a general rule Zeus's mortal children were distinguished for one reason or another. On occasion their mothers were notable for something besides merely attracting Zeus with their beauty.
Leda, for example, after being visited by Zeus in the form of a swan, gave birth to an egg from which came Helen and Clytemnestra, and Castor and Polydeuces. But since Leda's husband Tyndarus also made love to her shortly after Zeus, the exact paternity of these quadruplets was subject to question. Poor Io was famous for her long persecution at the hands of Hera.
Zeus fell in love with Io and seduced her under a thick blanket of cloud to keep Hera from learning of it. But Hera was no fool; she flew down from Olympus, dispersed the cloud, and found Zeus standing by a white heifer, who of course was Io.
Hera calmly asked Zeus if she could have this animal, and Zeus gave it to her, reluctant to go into an explanation.