Nehru–Gandhi family - Wikipedia
Mahatma Gandhi first met Jawaharlal Nehru at the annual meeting of to impress Nehru regarding Gandhi and the charm of this relationship. Jawaharlal Nehru with Gandhiji and Abul Kalam Azad, Wardha, August Gandhi In the years to come, this unique relationship – friends. Jawaharlal Nehru, with Mahatma Gandhi, was one of the principal leaders of In August , Jawaharlal Nehru assumed the role of Britain's successor, the.
He was the first Prime Minister of India and was one of the most prominent leaders of the Indian independence movement. He had succeeded his father as President of the Congress in Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit —eldest daughter of Motilal Nehru. Kamala Nehru —wife of Jawaharlal Nehru. She was a prominent social reformer[ citation needed ] and was an active member of the All India Congress Committee.
Rameshwari Nehru —wife of Brij Lal Nehru. She became the first woman Prime Minister of India. Feroze Gandhi —husband of Indira and the namesake of the dynasty. He was a politician and journalist. Braj Kumar Nehru —son of Brijlal Nehru. He later served as Governor of several Indian states and was an adviser to his cousin Indira Gandhi.
Sarup Nehru, wife of Balwant Kumar Nehru. He was a politician and union minister during the s. Rajiv Gandhi —eldest son of Indira and Feroze Gandhi. In Octoberhe faced conflict with Pakistan over the state of Kashmir, which was disputed at independence. Nehru sent troops into the state to support India's claim.
A United Nations ceasefire was negotiated, but Kashmir remains deeply unstable to this day.
Nehru and Gandhiji
Against the background of the Cold War, Nehru developed a policy of 'positive neutrality' for India. He became one of the key spokesmen for the non-aligned countries of Africa and Asia, many of which were former colonies that wanted to avoid dependence on any major power. Despite efforts at cooperation by both countries, Indian-Chinese border disputes escalated into war in and Indian forces were decisively beaten. This had a significant impact on Nehru's declining health.
He died on 27 May This was declared at the annual Congress Session at Lahore. He enjoyed the position and the glory that is attached to the post. But he was frequently arrested and put behind bars during the various movements that were launched to remove the British from India.
BBC - History - Historic Figures: Jawaharlal Nehru ()
Even during the Civil Disobedience Movement that was initiated by Mahatma Gandhi against the salt laws that were imposed by the British, Nehru was arrested. Gandhiji even went to London to attend the Round Table Conference to figure out a peaceful way to attain freedom for the nation. But after coming back from there, he found the situation even worse. Inboth Gandhiji and Jawaharlal Nehru were arrested.
Once, Motilal Nehru was also arrested and all three of them were behind bars. Inwith the beginning of the Quit India MovementJawaharlal Nehru was arrested and remained in prison for almost three years, one of the longest periods he had spent in jail.
He was finally released in InJawaharlal Nehru with the influence of Gandhiji was summoned by the British with an idea of forming an interim government. This was done to organize the governmental structure during the transitional pre-independence period.
Gandhiji was also against the partition that took place with the independence of the country.
He tried his level best to avoid it and even advised the Congressmen to reject the proposals that were put forward by the Cabinet Mission. But the Congress leaders, including Jawaharlal Nehru tried to pacify Gandhiji by explaining that partition was the only way by, which a civil war between the Hindus and Muslims could be avoided.
But inspite of this Gandhiji vehemently opposed this approach to freedom. Unfortunately, under great pressure from various sectors of the Congress Party and also from all parts of India, Gandhiji had to give his assent. But from his heart Gandhiji could not accept this and that troubled him till the last day of his life.
After Gandhiji's retirement from active politics, Jawaharlal Nehru became the leader of the Indian National Congress and took charge of the proceedings of the party completely. However, with passage of time and with Nehru's experience in the political field, there were certain difference of opinions and ideologies that cropped up between the two great Indian leaders.
There were grave ideological differences between the two leaders.