Changing Teacher Student Relationship | My India
The relationship has become more personal as it is not uncommon today, for students and teachers to be connected through social networking. Though it was primarily an initiation ceremony yet the teacher used to impregnate the students. Thus, the relation between the teacher and pupil in ancient India. The tragedy underscores the fast- deteriorating student-teacher relationship in India. The number of cases of teacher brutality has risen.
The relationship is of understanding each other's requirements and coming to terms with each other's expectations.
Changing Teacher Student Relationship
The new set of students has all information, if not wisdom, at the click of a button; they test, verify and often question what a teacher says in the classroom from facts available on the internet. Sometimes, it also leads them to believe that the teachers are redundant.
There's a lot to be said, firstly about the credibility of the information provided by net, secondly the child's ability to sieve the information for his purpose and his level of understanding. However, the role of a teacher, as a mentor to channelize, filter and adapt this information to a child's level of understanding cannot be undermined, let alone be ruled out.
Of course, the change in perspective with the education as commodity, teacher as a service provider and the parent as client has lead to a loss of respect among the students. The respect, which was integral to the classroom atmosphere, has simply flown out of the window. But nonetheless, the students who come from culturally sound background where values are inculcated right from the infancy and teachers who upgrade themselves to the state of art methods and understanding of teaching will be able to create an environment congenial enough to facilitate a rewarding teaching-learning process.
What really has to be done is perhaps infuse the system back with the values which we think of as ancient. I have always believed that a child who hasn't been groomed to value his teachers grows up to be a person who won't respect his parents or their elders.
The teacher-student relationship is a very inclusive and it requires both parties to meet each other halfway. However, the onus is more on the teachers. The modern scenario has more teachers for whom teaching isn't vocation but an occupation. It is reflected in their impersonal and commercial approach towards their students. The teacher was the Alma Mater.
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He himself was the institution. He was held in high reverence. It was the function of the teacher to lead the students from the darkness of ignorance to the light of knowledge. This was not possible without paternal care of the teacher.School Teacher Ke Saath Romance - True Love Story - School Teacher-Student Love Story
This spiritual relationship between the teacher and the taught in ancient India is clearly evident in the ceremony of Upanayana.
Though it was primarily an initiation ceremony yet the teacher used to impregnate the students. Thus, the relation between the teacher and pupil in ancient India was personal, intimate and cordial.
The pupil had no financial relation with the Guru. His relation with the Guru was social and spiritual. Though there are many instances in ancient India of maintaining the pupil by the teacher at their own expenses yet the relationship that existed among them was devoid of worldly connection material relation or connection. In Buddhism and Jainism equal importance is attached to the teacher. The profession of a teacher in ancient India had a very high code of honour.
The duty of the teacher to transmit knowledge or cultural heritage to the future generation was an imperative. It was a sort of social obligation.
Education was imparted free of charge.
Of course there is no denying the fact that the teacher used to teach on account of his personal urge. It was his intense desire to handover the culture pattern inherited by him to the younger generation. He could refuse no properly qualified student. In ancient India the transmission of knowledge was oral and the teacher was the sole custodian of knowledge. Without his help no education was possible. The continuous transmission of the store of knowledge was possible only through the instrumentality of the teacher.
The student had to rely upon his teacher alone as there was no printed text Book in those days. That is why high reverence was shown to the teacher.
The teacher should be an ideal person and a man of high character. He should be well-grounded in his branch of knowledge.
The teacher was expected to arrange for the boarding, lodging and clothing of his students, in case they are very poor. Tolls are glaring examples of such maintenance of students by the teachers. It was a sort of moral obligation on the part of the teacher. The teacher was bound to commence the education of his pupil within a year of his coming to him. Further, the teacher was required to teach everything he knew to his disciple.
In case of his denial or refusal to transmit all the sins of the pupil are to be transferred to him.
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Teaching thus in ancient India was not a whimsical affair. The teacher could not capriciously withhold instructions from his qualified students. Profit or no profit, knowledge ought to be imparted to the deserving, gift of the greatest conceivable merit is the gift of knowledge. There were, of course, a few rational exceptions to the imperative duty to teach.
Persons who were morally unfit or inferior to receive education were not to be admitted as a student.
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A great emphasis was laid on moral qualification of the students in as much as instruction in sacred texts was a moral affair. As we have already mentioned the teaching in ancient India was not regarded as a means of livelihood. If a teacher could stipulate fees from his pupil then he was regarded as the most impure person. If instructions were imparted for fixed fees, it is said in the Puranas both the teacher and the pupil would go to hell.
Acceptance of any material object was regarded as a sin. Thus it is evident that the relation between the teacher and the taught was based upon mutual esteem and regard, not on any financial consideration. In India today, our national Government is trying to make education primary and secondary free of charges. Of course the teacher has the liberty to refuse it.
Of course, the rich guardians were prevented from taking advantage of their position to gratify the teacher. Poor students who were unable to pay any honorarium used to do household work including various types of manual works such as fetching of water, collecting of woods from the jungles for sacred fire Agni. Hence the poorest of the poor could get education from the teacher.
The ancient educational theory and practice prohibited the teacher from charging any fixed scale of fees from his students. The teacher in ancient India, therefore, had no fixed income.
Thus the relationship between the teacher and the pupil was regarded as filial in character both by Hindu and Buddhist thinkers.