Use case diagram example with extend and include relationship

What is Use Case Diagram?

use case diagram example with extend and include relationship

UML defines three stereotypes of association between Use Cases, «include», «include» relationship but give little useful guidance on the «extend» and the. Note, while UML 2.x defines extension points for the extend relationship, there are no "inclusion points" to specify location or condition of inclusion for the include. A UML use case diagram is the primary form of system/software requirements for a . The extend>> relationship is used to include optional behavior from an.

Generalization is shown as a directed arrow with a triangle arrowhead. The child use case is connected at the base of the arrow. The tip of the arrow is connected to the parent use case.

Reuse in Use-Case Models: >, >, and Inheritance

Use Case Example - Include Relationship The include relationship adds additional functionality not specified in the base use case. Use Case Example - Extend Relationship The extend relationships are important because they show optional functionality or system behavior. Take a look at the use case diagram example below. It shows an extend connector and an extension point "Search".

Use Case Example - Generalization Relationship A generalization relationship means that a child use case inherits the behaviour and meaning of the parent use case. The child may add or override the behaviour of the parent. The figure below provides a use case example by showing two generalization connectors that connect between the three use cases. As you can see even a system as big as a vehicle sales system contains not more than 10 use cases! That's the beauty of use case modeling.

The use case model also shows the use of extend and include. Besides, there are associations that connect between actors and use cases. How to Identify Actor Often, people find it easiest to start the requirements elicitation process by identifying the actors.

The following questions can help you identify the actors of your system Schneider and Winters - Who uses the system? Who starts up the system? Who maintains the system? Who shuts down the system? What other systems use this system? Who gets information from this system?

UML Use Case Extend

Who provides information to the system? Does anything happen automatically at a present time? How to Identify Use Cases? Identifying the Use Cases, and then the scenario-based elicitation process carry on by asking what externally visible, observable value that each actor desires. The following questions can be asked to identify use cases, once your actors have been identified Schneider and Winters - What functions will the actor want from the system?

use case diagram example with extend and include relationship

Does the system store information? What actors will create, read, update or delete this information? Does the system need to notify an actor about chances in the internal state? Are there any external events the system must know about?

UML Use Case "extend" and "include" relationships

What actor informs the system of those events? Use Case Diagram Tips Now, check the tips below to see how to apply usecase effectively in your software project. Including use case depends on the addition of the included use case, which is required and not optional.

It means that including use case is not complete by itself, and so it would make sense to refer to the including use cases as abstract use cases. Neither of UML 2. A number of other UML sources define abstract use case as including use case, while in fact it has to be the other way around: See discussion of the definition of abstract use cases. Include relationship between use cases is shown by a dashed arrow with an open arrowhead from the including base use case to the included common part use case.

UML Use Case Include

Checkout use case includes several use cases - Scan Item, Calculate Total and Tax, and Payment Large and complex Checkout use case has several use cases extracted, each smaller use case describing some logical unit of behavior.

Note, that including Checkout use case becomes incomplete by itself and requires included use cases to be complete.

use case diagram example with extend and include relationship

Use Case Relationships Compared This site received many requests related to which use case relationship should be used in which situation. I combined several key points from UML 2.