Krishikosh: Zebu Cattle Of India And Pakistan
groups reveals relations between types, subtypes, breeds and developed for Indo-Pakistani zebu and African cattle zebu cattle [73,77]. cattle of India and Pakista,n; firstly-, because of the over-riding importance of cattle in relation to other types of livestock, taking world agriculture as a whole;. Authors: Joshi, N. R. ; Phillips, N. R. Title: Zebu Cattle Of India And Pakistan. Publisher: Food And Agriculture Organization Of The United Nations ; Rome.
Zebu, which can tolerate extreme heat,  were imported into Brazil in the early 20th century and crossbred with Charolais cattlea European taurine breed. It has a better meat quality than the zebu and better heat resistance than European cattle.
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The zebu breeds used were primarily Indo-Brazilian with some Nelore and Guzerat. Many breeds are complex mixtures of the zebu and various taurine types, and some also have yakgauror banteng genes. In Asia, taurine cattle are only found in the northern regions such as JapanKoreaand Mongoliapossibly domesticated separately from the other taurine cattle originating from Europe and Africa. Other species of cattle domesticated in parts of Asia include yak, gaur, banteng, and water buffalo.
Hanwoo is a traditional Korean taurine—zebu hybrid breed. Characteristics[ edit ] Zebu have humps on the shoulders, large dewlaps, and droopy ears.
Adaptations include resistance to drought and tolerance of intense heat and sunlight.India Pakistan Relations
This is based on the development of their bodies to withstand the strain of carrying and lactation. Early reproduction can place too much stress on the body and possibly shorten lifespans. Two of the most famous foundation sires, Manso and Emperor, carried a high Gir content.
This can be seen in their down-swept horns, big humps, straight wide backs, and beautifully sloping, filled out hind quarters. In Brazil and other South American countries the Gir is used frequently because, as a Bos indicus breed, it is resistant to hot temperatures and tropical diseases.
It is very known for its milk producing qualities and is often bred with Friesian cows to make the Girolando breed. The Gir is distinctive in appearance, typically having a rounded and domed forehead being the only ultra convex breed in the worldlong pendulous ears and horns which spiral out and back.
Formats and Editions of Zebu cattle of India and Pakistan : an FAO study [fim-mdu.info]
Gir are generally mottled with the color ranging from red through yellow to white, it is also found in black color. They originated in southwest India in the state of Gujarat and have since spread to neighboring Maharashtra and Rajasthan. The breed was kept by local people known as Maldhari for their livelihood.
The breed is today on the verge of extinction from India as people of India are using more of buffalo milk then the cow's milk. The breed is on verge on extinction due to lack to breeding programs and irrational crossbreeding with breeds more common to western nations. Finding it economically difficult for the people to keep a gaay in their herd. Today however due to efforts of social activist Mr.
Mansukhbhai Suvagiya a farmer turned industrialist and a revolutionary visionary from small village of Junagadh District the awareness is created among people of Gujarat about saving this real pride breed of Gujarat. Mansukhbhai Suvagiya along with his other friends have started a plan of breeding 10,00, high quality gir gaay in Gujarat to regain the lost grounds.
The trust as of now carries out two main activities of Gir Gaay Breeding and Water conservation. High quality gir gaay are available in the district of Junagadh, Bhavnagar, amreli, and Rajkot in the state of Gujarat. And now, the Gir breed is set to go global. As Khachar puts it, "Brazil has emerged as the world's biggest supplier of improved cattle embryos and semen of Indian origin, now rated among the best dairy breeds in the world.
The demand is particularly high from African and Southeast Asian countries. The Indian 'holy cow' has turned out to be a great money-spinner for Brazil.
So the Gir breed was neglected, resulting in the dwindling of both its numbers and pedigree.
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Only recently, two containers with embryos of the breed were flown to Brazil to improve the stock of cows there. The embryos were developed in a laboratory in Bhavnagar which has been funded at a cost of Rs 2 crore by cattle breeders of Brazil. The South American country has taken very good care of the breed, but they need fresh blood every three to four generations because of which the embryos were flown there," says Khachar. The Bhavnagar laboratory was set up in Khachar is exporting the embryos in partnership with a Brazilian firm.
In Brazil, the Indian cows are known as the Zebu breed.
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