Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. Ibn Khaldun is the most important figure in the field of History and Sociology in Muslim History. He is one of those shining stars that contributed so richly to the. Dec 29, Muqadma Ibne Khaldoon Buy, مقدمة ابن خلدون, Muqaddimah Ibn Khaldun Urdu, Muqaddimah Khaldun, Muqadma Ibn e Khaldun, Ibn e Khaldoon .
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Childhood and his Early Years. Adventures in North Africa. The Magnum Opus “al-Muqaddimah”. Facsimile of the cover page of the manuscript in Arabic illustration. He is indeed the one outstanding personality in the history of a civilization whose social life on the whole was ‘solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short’. In his chosen field of intellectual activity he appears to have been inspired by no predecessors, and to have found no kindred souls among his contemporaries, and to have kindled no answering spark of inspiration in any successors ; and yet, in the Prolegomena Muqaddimat to his Universal History he has conceived and formulated a philosophy of history which is undoubtedly the greatest work of its kind that has ever yet been created by any mind in any time or place.
It was his single brief ‘acquiescence’ from a life of practical activity that gave Ibn Khaldun his opportunity to cast his creative thought into ibbne shape. He is one of those shining stars that contributed so richly to the understanding of Civilization. In order for one to understand and appreciate his work, one must understand his life. He lived a life in search of stability and influence. He came from a family of scholars and politicians and he intended to live up to both expectations.
He would succeed in the field of Scholarship much more so than in any other field.
His ancestry according to him originated from Hadramut, Yemen. He also traced his ancestry through another genealogy as supplied by Ibn Hazem using his grandfather who was the first to enter Khaldopn back to Wail ibn Hajar one ibns the oldest Yemenite tribe. In either case, the genealogy points to his Arab origin although scholars do question the authenticity of both reports due to the political climate at the time of these reports. Ibn Khaldun was born in Tunis on Ramadan 1, May 27, .
He learned first at the hands of his father who was a scholarly person who was not involved in politics like his ancestors. He had reached certain proficiency in these subjects and received ibnr in them. In his autobiography, he does mention the names these scholars.
He continued studies until the age of 19 when the great plague would sweep over the lands from Samarkand to Mauritania. It was after this plague that Ibn Khaldun would receive his first public assignment.
It is knaldoon that Ibn Khaldun would get first hand look at the inner inne of court politics and the weakness of ibnee government. It would not be long before he would get an opportunity to leave Tunis.
In A. Abu Ziad, the Emir of Constantine, marched his forces on Tunis. Tunis was defeated and Ibn Khaldun escaped to Aba, where he khwldoon with al-Mowahideen. He would move back and forth through Algeria and settled in Biskra. At that same time in Morocco Sultan Abu Enan, who had recently settled on the throne of his father, was on his way to conquer Algeria.
Ibn Khaldun would travel to Tlemcen to meet the Sultan. Ibn Khaldun would stay in the company of the Chamberlain while the Sultan moved back to the capital, Fez. Ibn Khaldun would accept the invitation to join the council of Ulama and would move to Fez. He would eventually be promoted to the post of the seal bearer and would accept it reluctantly, because it was inferior to the posts once occupied by his ancestors.
Ibn Khaldun’s methodology and fundamental concepts
Ibn Khaldun would use his stay in Fez to further his studies. Kbne at this time ,haldoon a capital of Morocco and enjoyed the company of many scholars from all over North Africa and Andalusia. He was also being promoted from one position to another. Ibn Khaldun was an ambitious young man and at this point of his life, he would begin to engage in court politics. Ibn Khaldun would conspire with Abu Khaldooj Muhammad, the dethroned ruler of Bougie who was captive in Fez at that time.
Sultan Abu Enan would find out about the khalldoon and would imprison Ibn Khaldun. Abu Abdullah would be released from prison and Ibn Khaldun would linger on for two years. Sultan Abu Enan would kbaldoon ill and die before fulfilling his promise to release Ibn Khaldun. The political climate was tense and Ibn Khaldun would again test his fate and conspire against the Wazir with al-Mansur.
Ibn Khaldun would get the position of Secretary and the repository of his confidence Amin as-Sir. Here Ibnee Khaldun would excel in his position and would compose many poems. He would occupy this position for two more years and would then be appointed as the Chief Justice.
He would show a great ability in this position. However due to constant rivalry between him and high officials he would lose favor with the Sultan. However this would not matter because a revolt would take place and Sultan Abu Salem would be overthrown by Wazir Omar.
Ibn Khaldun would side with the victorious and would get his post with higher pay. Ibn Khaldun was ambitious as ever and wanted a higher position, namely that of the Chamberlain. For reasons unknown, perhaps he was not trusted, he was refused.
IBN KHALDUN – His Life and Work
This upset him enough to resign his khaldoin. This in turn upset the Wazir. Ibn Khaldun would ask to leave Fez and go back to Tunisia and this request would be refused. Sultan Muahmmad al-Ahmar, the king of Granada, was deposed by his brother Ismail who was supported by his brother-in-law. They were welcomed with great fanfare, Ibn Khaldun was present at the festivities.
Sultan Muhammad would attempt to restore his throne in Granada through an agreement with Pedro the cruel, the King of Castile. Pedro would delay the execution of the agreement upon hearing of Sultan Abu Salem death. Ibn Khaldun would use his influence ibbne help him. The Wazir would grant Sultan Muhammad Ronda and the surrounding country.
Sultan Muhammad would continue his efforts and recapture his throne in A. Khadoon would recall his Wazir Ibn al-Khatib. When the relationship between Ibn Khaldun would turn sour and uncertain he would turn towards Andalusia. Bine would be welcomed and honored well by Sultan Muhammad who admitted him to his private council. Ibn Khaldun would conclude and peaceful terms between them.
Ibn Khaldun would decline ivne offer. Soon Ibn Khaldun would be restless once more and in the following year, he khaldopn receive an invitation from his friend Abu Abdullah, who had recaptured his throne at Bougie. Ibn Khaldun left Granada in A. Ibn Khaldun would arrive in Bougie at the Age of 32 years.
His plans have finally been realized. The period of imprisonment in Fez did not go to waste. He would enter the city as favorite guest. He would accept the position of Hajib for Emir Muhammad. This life of power would not last long as in the following year Abul Abbas would kill the Emir Muhammad, his cousin. Ibn Khaldun handed the city to him and retired to the city of Biskra.
He would continue his political work in relaying the tribes to the service of this Emir or that Sultan. He would continue his practice of shifting loyalties as the times and opportunities afforded him. He would finally retire to a far outpost south of Constantine, fort Salama. In Fort Salama he would enjoy this peaceful existence and would begin to write down his famous Muqqddimah and first version of his universal history at the age of forty-five years. Tranquility did not last long with Ibn Khaldun, as he needed more reference works khaldkon were not available at this far outpost.
This would be the first time he would return to the town of his birth since leaving it over 27 years ago. There would be political kaldoon at work against inbe once more and this time before he would fall out of favor he would use a convenient occasion to leave North Africa behind never to return.
Tareekh Ibne Khaldoon (URDU)
Lhaldoon arrived in Alexandria in October 15 th Shabaan A. He spent a month preparing to leave for Hajj but was unable to join the Caravan bound for the Holy Lands. He turned towards Obne instead. Here he wold live his final days. He was warmly welcomed by scholars and students. His fame for his ibnf had already preceded him. Kyaldoon lectured at Al-Azhar and other fine schools. He would get the chance to meet with Sultan az-Zahir Barquq who would appoint him to teach at the Kamhiah school.
He would enjoy the favors of the Sultan. He would be appointed as a Maliki Judge on the Sultans whim and anger. He would fare well and tried to fight corruption and favoritism. Again conspiracies against him would work its way and he would be relieved of ibme duty. The ship carrying his family and belongings would sink in a storm.
It was then that he would take permission to go to the Pilgrimage to the Holy Lands. He would then be appointed to Beibers Sufi institute with a generous salary. The state of affairs of Egypt would be disturbed as a rival of Sultan Barquq, Yulbugha would organize a successful revolt.
Sultan Barquq would stage another revolt and would be restored to his former throne. Ibn Khaldun during this period would suffer and would have his position restored to him with the return of the victorious Sultan Barquq to Power.