US-Pakistan Relations Worsen as Both Sides Dig In
Pakistan has been a non-NATO ally of the United States since the in Afghanistan, the differences between the US and Pakistan have further. United States increased the amount of aid Pakistan was designated to the latter did not agree, leading to his differences with the Americans. The US-Pakistan relationship is in "serious trouble" and the mistrust Moeed Yusuf, a senior expert on Pakistan at the United States Institute of Peace, out of Afghanistan for the US," he said, explaining the sharp difference.
InBenazir Bhutto made a quick visit in the U. Bushwhich she marked "America's Frankenstein".
InPrime minister Nawaz Sharif travelled to the U. Ambassador Robert Oakley further influenced on the project, showing growing concerns of the U. During the United States trip, Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto faced heated criticism and opposition on the nuclear weapons program, who however responded fiercely and in turn sharply criticized U.
Nawaz Sharif's ordering the nuclear tests was met with great hostility and ire in the United States after President Clinton placing the economic embargo on Pakistan. The relations were also refrained and strained after Nawaz Sharif became involved with Kargil war with Indiawhile India's relations with Israel and U.
Soon after the tests, Benazir Bhutto publicly announced her believe that her father was "sent to the gallows at the instance of the superpower for pursuing the nuclear capability,  though she did not disclose the name of the power. In conclusion, both Nawaz Sharif and Benazir Bhutto refused to make compromises with respect to the country's nuclear deterrence, instead building infrastructure despite U. In —72, Pakistan ended its alliance with the United States after the East-Pakistan war in which East Pakistan successfully seceded with the aid of India.
The promise of economic aid from the United States was instrumental in creating these agreements. At the time the pact was adopted, Pakistan's relationship with the United States was the friendliest in Asia. But in Islamabad, officials felt the United States was looking at its relationship with Pakistan through the lens of Afghanistan.
Ten years later, the war in Afghanistan continues and Washington's relationship with Islamabad has worsened. Pakistan says Washington is making it a scapegoat for the U. Moeed Yusuf, the associate vice president of the U.
Institute of Peace's Asia Center says, both sides are signaling to each other that the cost of crossing their red lines, which they have not clearly defined for the other side, will be high.
The United States has long accused Pakistan of providing safe havens to the Afghan Taliban, as well as its deadly arm the Haqqani Network. Pakistan has countered that it has paid a heavy price for military offensives that its commanders say have now cleared all safe havens from Pakistani territory.
Pakistani officials say the Taliban control enough territory in Afghanistan that they do not need Pakistan.
Timeline: History of US-Pakistan relations - Pakistan - fim-mdu.info
That is an argument the United States has never accepted. President Dwight Eisenhower requested prime minister Suhrawardy to lease Peshawar Air Station to the American Army for keeping an eye on soviet Union and its ballistic missile programme.
The request was granted by the prime minister. During the decade, the pro-American sentiments in Western side of Pakistan were at an all time high. However, the military and financial assistance was directed more towards West Pakistan, which caused an uproar and feeling of distrust in East Pakistan.
Pakistan–United States relations - Wikipedia
The war also led US to place economical and military embargoes on Pakistan, which resulted in an economic collapse. Being an important ally for US during the cold war, United States supported Pakistan, despite the arms embargo. Moreover, as per the elections result, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was elected as the president of Pakistan and later on became the prime minister in President Jimmy Carter, an anti-socialist, won the presidential election of US and announced to seek a ban on nuclear weapons.
Bhutto lost the favours he enjoyed whilst Nixon was US president as Carter did not appreciate his policies and tightened already placed embargoes on Pakistan. However, Bhutto managed to procure items to enhance his atomic bomb project. President Carter and his administration allegedly threatened Bhutto to disrupt the process of atomic proliferation and research to which the latter did not agree, leading to his differences with the Americans. It is during this period that United States granted billions of dollars to Pakistan in the name of military and economical aid.
US-Pakistan Relations Worsen as Both Sides Dig In
The amendment banned major military and economical aid to Pakistan unless the state was able to justify and provide sufficient evidence that the funds are not being used for nuclear proliferation. However it is alleged that although Pakistan disclosed that it could enrich uranium and assemble a nuclear device in and respectively, the sanctions were not imposed till US, under the Pressler amendment, imposed sanctions on Pakistanas the country by then had lost its strategic importance in soviet war.
The relations between US and Pakistan plummeted further when US ambassador Nicholas Plattwarned Pakistan of being included into state sponsors of terrorism list, in case it continued to support militants causing trouble in India. Benazir Bhutto visited United States and requested president Bill Clinton to lift the embargoes on Pakistan and launch a joint operation to eradicate militancy from the region.
President Clinton imposed sanctions under Glenn amendment on India as well as Pakistan.
Glenn amendment included suspension of aidincluding economic development assistance, credits and credit guarantees by the US government, US bank loans to the governments of India and Pakistan, loans from international financial institutions, such as the IMF and World Bank, and exports of dual-use nuclear or missile items.
However, in July ofUS lifted the sanctions on both the countries for purchasing agricultural products from US farmers.